The Wild Turkey Bourbon Mimic MillipedePaul Marek
Brachoria calceata individuals are about 39.9 mm long and 10.1 mm wide (females 39.4 mm X 9.8 mm). Color: 3-spotted yellow (3.75Y 8.5/12, shown above); and striped orangeish-yellow (10YR 8/10).
Brachoria calceata genitalia - left male gonopodal acropodite (with setae removed): (Left) medial view and (Right) magnified apical view. © Paul Marek
Brachoria calceata, striped orangeish-yellow (10YR 8/10) color morph. © Paul Marek
HabitatBrachoria calceata specimens were collected during the day (19:00 and 20:00) in a dry maple forest near the road and in a maple and birch forest near a stream. Individuals were found beneath layers of decaying leaf material, predominately maple and birch. At the first locality, a single specimen was collected near the banks of a road beneath thick stacks of leaves; whereas at the second locality, specimens were collected in a rich forested riparian area. No other xystodesmids were encountered sympatrically. Note: Individuals of B. calceata may be confused in the field with Rudiloria guyandotta due to overlap in distribution and similarity in color patterns.
DistributionKnown only from the type locality in Anderson Co., Kentucky and across the Kentucky River a few kilometers east in Woodford Co. The closest known Brachoria species, B. electa, also occurs in Tyrone, Anderson Co., Kentucky.
Conservation statusBrachoria calceata is threatened by habitat loss due to agriculture (especially growing demand for paper products), coal mining, development, and the invasion of exotic species.
Marek P.E. 2010. A revision of the Appalachian millipede genus Brachoria Chamberlin, 1939 (Polydesmida: Xystodesmidae: Apheloriini). Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 159: 817-889.
Causey N.B. 1955. New records and descriptions of polydesmoid millipeds (Order Polydesmida) from the eastern United States. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 68: 21-30.
Hoffman R.L. 1999. Checklist of the millipeds of North and Middle America. Virginia Museum of Natural History Special Publication. No. 8. Martinsville: Virginia Museum of Natural History.
Keeton W.T. 1959. A revision of the millipede genus Brachoria (Polydesmida: Xystodesmidae) Proc. US Nat. Mus. 109: 1-58.
About This PageWork on the millipede Tree of Life pages was supported by a U.S. National Science Foundation Doctoral Dissertation Improvement Grant to Paul Marek and Jason Bond (DEB 0607996) and a Partnerships for Enhancing Expertise in Taxonomy Grant to Petra Sierwald, Jason Bond, and William Shear (DEB 0529715).
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Paul Marek at
Page copyright © 2010 Paul Marek
Page: Tree of Life Brachoria calceata Authored by . The Wild Turkey Bourbon Mimic Millipede.Paul Marek. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.
- First online 16 September 2010
- Content changed 16 September 2010
Citing this page:
Marek, Paul. 2010. Brachoria calceata http://tolweb.org/Brachoria_calceata/144210/2010.09.16 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. The Wild Turkey Bourbon Mimic Millipede. Version 16 September 2010 (under construction).