The Grapevine Creek Mimic MillipedePaul Marek
CharacteristicsBrachoria grapevinensis individuals are about 44.5 mm long and 10.3 mm wide (females 46.3 mm X 10.6 mm). Color: 3-spotted red (6.25R 5/14, shown above), orange (3.75YR 5/12), or yellow (1.25Y 8/14) lateral paranotal spots but with orange (3.75YR 5/12) medial metatergal stripes; and combined striped/3-spotted red (6.25R 5/12).
Brachoria grapevinensis genitalia - left male gonopodal acropodite (with setae removed): (Left) medial view and (Right) magnified apical view. © Paul Marek
Brachoria grapevinensis, striped/3-spotted red (6.25R 5/12) color morph. © Paul Marek
HabitatBrachoria grapevinensis specimens were collected during the day (16:30) in a moist birch forest. Individuals were found beneath layers of decomposing leaf material near Grapevine Creek, within about 50 m from the water. One other xystodesmid encountered sympatrically at this locality is Apheloria virginiensis corrugata, which appears similar in coloration with the B. grapevinensis 3-spotted yellow/orange color morph.
DistributionKnown only from the type locality in Pike Co., Kentucky. The closest known Brachoria species, B. hoffmani, occurs about 21 km southwest near Virgie, Pike County, Kentucky.
Conservation statusBrachoria grapevinensis is threatened by habitat loss due to agriculture (especially growing demand for paper products), coal mining, development, and the invasion of exotic species.
Marek P.E. 2010. A revision of the Appalachian millipede genus Brachoria Chamberlin, 1939 (Polydesmida: Xystodesmidae: Apheloriini). Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 159: 817-889.
About This PageWork on the millipede Tree of Life pages was supported by a U.S. National Science Foundation Doctoral Dissertation Improvement Grant to Paul Marek and Jason Bond (DEB 0607996) and a Partnerships for Enhancing Expertise in Taxonomy Grant to Petra Sierwald, Jason Bond, and William Shear (DEB 0529715).
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Paul Marek at
Page copyright © 2010 Paul Marek
Page: Tree of Life Brachoria grapevinensis Authored by . The Grapevine Creek Mimic Millipede.Paul Marek. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.
- First online 16 September 2010
- Content changed 16 September 2010
Citing this page:
Marek, Paul. 2010. Brachoria grapevinensis http://tolweb.org/Brachoria_grapevinensis/144814/2010.09.16 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. The Grapevine Creek Mimic Millipede. Version 16 September 2010 (under construction).