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Opisthoteuthis pluto Berry 1918

Richard E. Young and Michael Vecchione
Containing group: Opisthoteuthis


The largest specimen of Opisthoteuthis pluto described by Berry (1918) was the holotype which reached 540 mm in arm span (arm tip to arm tip).


  1. Arms
    1. Arms subequal.
    2. Female: 5-7 suckers largest; suckers 1-3 very small.
    3. "Both suckers and cirri apparently more or less completely retractile..."
    4. Suckers number 80-85 on each arm ("large specimen").
    5. Male: greatly enlarged suckers in proximal and distal fields; proximal fields apparently equal on all arms; greatly enlarged suckers in distal field present on arms II - IV only (O'Shea, 1999).
    6. Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
      Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window

      Figure. Oral view of suckers and cirri of O. pluto. Left - Right arm I (suckers 14-16) with cirri extruded, holotype. Right - Right arm I (suckers 21 and 22) with cirri partially retracted. Drawings from Berry (1918).


The above description is from Berry (1918) except where otherwise noted. More details of the description of O. pluto can be found here.

O. pluto differs from O. persephone in their pigmentation according to Berry. O. persephone almost invariably has 6 primary gill lamellae (O'Shea, 1999), O. pluto has 8. O. pluto differs from all members of the genus (where males are known), except O. massyae, in having enlarged suckers in the distal field only on arms II-III. It presumably differs from O. massyae in not having especially broad arms I in mature males although this has not been demonstrated.


Type locality: 129°28'E, along the Great Australian Bight. Also known from off the coasts of Southwestern Australia (O'Shea, 1999). Vertical distribution is from 275 - 830 m.


Berry, S.S. 1918. Report on the Cephalopoda Obtained by the F.I.S. "Endeavour" in the Great Australian Bight and Other Southern Australian Localities. Biological Results of the Fishing Experiments carried on by the F.I.S. "Endeavour", 1909-1914, 4(5):201-298.

O'Shea, Steve. 1999. The Marine Fauna of New Zealand: Octopoda (Mollusca: Cephalopoda). NIWA Biodiversity Memoir 112: 280pp.

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University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI, USA

National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D. C. , USA

Page: Tree of Life Opisthoteuthis pluto Berry 1918. Authored by Richard E. Young and Michael Vecchione. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Young, Richard E. and Michael Vecchione. 2003. Opisthoteuthis pluto Berry 1918. Version 13 May 2003 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Opisthoteuthis_pluto/20166/2003.05.13 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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