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Luehdorfia japonica Leech, 1889

Vazrick Nazari
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Containing group: Luehdorfia


Life stages of this species are illustrated in Shirozu and Hara (1973). Biochemical and biological aspects of the life history of L. japonica have been the subject of a number of studies by Matsumoto (1984-1990) and Tsubaki and Matsumoto (1998). Besides the nominal L. japonica (Type locality: Japan), no other subspecies are recognized; the population from Taiwan (L. j. formosana Rothschild, 1918) is either an erroneous record or is extinct since this species does not occur in Taiwan today (Li, 1987). Hybrids between L. japonica and L. puziloi have also been reported (Hara and Ochiai, 1980).

Geographical Distribution

Japan (central and western Honshu); China (Taiwan?) (Shirozu and Hara, 1973).

Larval Food Plant

Many species of Asarum (Aristolochiaceae) have been recorded as larval foodplants of Luehdorfia japonica; these include: Asarum caulescens, A. sieboldii, A. hexalobum, A. asperum, A. tamaense, A. curvistigma, A. asaroides, A. blumei, A. nipponicum, A. fauriei, A. takaoi, A. kurosawae, A. heterotropoides, A. megacalyx, and A. yohikawai (Makita et al., 2000).


Hara, S., Ochiai, H., 1980. On a hybrid between male Luehdorfia japonica and female L. puziloi inexpecta. Ty to Ga 31: 97-101.

Li, C.Y., 1987. Illustrations of Butterflies in Taiwan. Tai-pei shih: Tai-wan sheng li po wu kuan. Taipei, China.

Makita, H., Shinkawa, T., Kazumasa, O., Kondo, A., Nakazawa, T., 2000. Phylogeny of Luehdorfia butterflies inferred from mitochondrial ND5 gene sequences. Entomological Science 3: 321-329.

Matsumoto, K., 1984. Population dynamics of Luehdorfia japonica Leech (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). I. a preliminary study on the adult population. Researches on Population Ecology 26: 1-12.

Matsumoto, K., 1987. Mating patterns of a sphragis-bearing butterfly, Luehdorfia japonica Leech (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae), with descriptions of mating behavior. Researches on Population Ecology 29: 97-110.

Matsumoto, K., 1989. Effects of aggregation on the survival and development on different host plants in a papilionid butterfly, Luehdorfia japonica Leech. Jpn. J. ent. 57: 853-860.

Matsumoto, K., 1990. Population dynamics of Luehdorfia japonica Leech (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). II. Patterns of mortality in immatures in relation to egg cluster size. Researches on Population Ecology 32: 173-188.

Shirzu, T., Hara, A., 1973. Early stages of Japanese butterflies in colour. Vol. I. Osaka, Hoikusha.

Tsubaki, Y., Matsumoto, K., 1998. Fluctuating asymmetry and male mating success in a sphragis bearing butterfly Luehdorfia japonica (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Journal of Insect Behaviour 11: 571-582.

Title Illustrations
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Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
Scientific Name Luehdorfia japonica
Location Japan
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Identified By Mochimitsu Kobayashi
Behavior Resting
Copyright © 2006 Mochimitsu Kobayashi
About This Page

Vazrick Nazari
Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids and Nematodes, Ottawa, Canada

Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Vazrick Nazari at

Page: Tree of Life Luehdorfia japonica Leech, 1889. Authored by Vazrick Nazari. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Nazari, Vazrick. 2006. Luehdorfia japonica Leech, 1889. Version 07 July 2006 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Luehdorfia_japonica/65404/2006.07.07 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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