ElzuniaAndrew V. Z. Brower
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Members of Elzunia are among the largest ithomiines. The species occur in mid-elevation forest in the Venezuelan, Colombian and Ecuadorean Andes, where they are engaged in Müllerian mimicry with Heliconius hecuba, Heliconius atthis and Megoleria susiana, and perhaps serve as models for female Catonephele chromis (Biblidinae).Larvae recorded on Prestonia (Apocynaceae), like members of closely-related Tithorea and unlike most other ithomiine larvae, which feed on Solanaceae. (Neild, 2008).
CharacteristicsLarge ithomiines with relatively short wings. Wing color black with yellow or white spots and bands. Males have a single patch of elongated androconial scales on the costal margin of the dorsal hindwings (as opposed to two in Tithorea).
May be distinguished from similar-looking Heliconius species by the more triangular forewings and the bilobed distal margin of the hindwing discal cell (teardrop-shaped in Heliconius).
Lamas G ed. 2004. Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera. Checklist: Part 4A Hesperioidea - Papiionoidea. Gainesville: Scientific Publishers/Association of Tropical Lepidoptera.
Neild, A.F.E. (2008) The Butterflies of Venezuela. Part 2: Nymphalidae II (Acraeinae, Libytheinae, NYmphalinae, Ithomiinae, Morphinae), Meridian Publications, London
About This Page
Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA
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Page: Tree of Life Elzunia Authored by . Andrew V. Z. Brower. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.
- First online 29 September 2006
- Content changed 24 July 2011
Citing this page:
Brower, Andrew V. Z. 2011. Elzunia http://tolweb.org/Elzunia/27577/2011.07.24 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. Version 24 July 2011 (under construction).